Transport accounts for 23 percent of global energy-related GHG emissions, and is one of the sectors where emissions are rising the fastest. Ironically, the transport sector is also one of the victims of climate change, with transport infrastructure being particularly vulnerable to the effects of higher temperatures, increased precipitations, and flooding.
Clearly, no significant progress on climate action is possible without more sustainable mobility. The Paris Agreement on climate change and the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) reflect the growing importance of transport in the global sustainability agenda.
More than 70 percent of the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) that countries have proposed to implement the Paris Agreement include transport commitments, ranging from increasing public transport in cities to shifting freight from roads to railways and waterways.
Action is also visible at the national level. As host of COP22, Morocco led by example through initiatives such as the Association for Sustainable Road Transport, as well as a number of climate-friendly public transport projects. Mozambique is looking into a variety of scenarios to move people and freight more efficiently, while keeping transport-related emissions in check.
In India, transport will play a key part in decoupling economic growth from carbon emissions and meeting the country’s NDCs. More specifically, the government intends to promote climate-smart transport through three major shifts: private to public transport in cities; roads to rail and waterways for freight; and fossil to non-fossil fuels.
The World Bank is contributing to this change with a focus on three key areas:
A report launched by the World Bank at COP22 shows that improved road maintenance is a central tool for boosting road resilience in the Sub-Saharan Africa. The Bank is currently working with partners in more than 40 countries to build resilience into transport systems using innovative strategies
Clean, safe, and efficient mass transit
Mass transit is vital for Africa, which is currently seeing some of the highest urbanization rates in the world. Morocco is a leader in mass transit investment on the continent, with several tramway lines already completed or under construction. Elsewhere in the region, various other green transport projects – such as Dar es Salaam’s new Bus Rapid Transit – are transforming the way people move around cities.
Efficient and multi-modal transport systems
The World Bank is helping governments integrate roads, railways and waterways into comprehensive, multi-modal transport systems. A prominent example is a waterways project around Lake Victoria, which integrates new terminals that enable connection with road and rail networks.
Source: World Bank
Image Credit: World Bank/LukaKikina/Shutterstock